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4 edition of Reward and information values of trial outcomes in paired-associate learning found in the catalog.

Reward and information values of trial outcomes in paired-associate learning

Leo Keller

Reward and information values of trial outcomes in paired-associate learning

by Leo Keller

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  • 4 Currently reading

Published by American Psychological Association in [Washington] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Paired-association learning

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Leo Keller [and others]
    SeriesPsychological monographs: general and applied,, v. 79, no. 12, whole no. 605
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsBF1 .P8 vol. 79, no. 12
    The Physical Object
    Pagination21 p.
    Number of Pages21
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5938924M
    LC Control Number65008556
    OCLC/WorldCa2579316

    Verbal Learning Paired-Associate Learning taking into account the characteristics of the learners, assessing learning outcomes, and reviewing information-must be attended to at all levels of education, in or out of schools. These usually include sections much lilie the Praxis Principles of Learning and Teaching. Throughout this book. Paired-Associate Learning A second area of significant applications of SST was paired-associate learning. The stimulus term of each pair in a list of pairs was conceived as comprising a stimulus element to which the correct response was becoming associated during study tri-als. In a series of articles (Estes, , ; Estes, Hopkins, &.

    Full text of "ERIC ED American Educational Research Association Paper Abstracts, Annual Meeting." See other formats.   The demographic information of the participants confirms that our sample was a group of generally healthy older persons. Mean systolic blood pressure was mildly elevated ( mm Hg) relative to recently recommended values, but not higher than normal for this age group in by:

    Perirhinal cortex ablation impairs configural learning and paired-associate learning equally. Buckley MJ., Gaffan D. We show in this article that relative to three normal controls three cynomolgus monkeys with ablations restricted to the perirhinal cortex were impaired on a visual paired associate learning task in which subjects had to learn Cited by: References Allen, D I Some effects of advance organizers and level of question on the learning and retention of written social studies material Journal of Educational Psychology, , 61, Anderson, R C and Biddle, W B In asking people questions about what they are reading In G H Bower (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation.


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Reward and information values of trial outcomes in paired-associate learning by Leo Keller Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Reward and information values of trial outcomes in paired-associate learning. [Leo Keller]. Psychol Monogr. ;79(12) Reward and information values of trail outcomes in paired-associate learning.

Keller L, Cole M, Burke CJ, Estes by: Other articles where Paired-associate learning is discussed: transfer of training: Stimulus and response similarity: The method of paired-associate learning, in which a person is asked to learn to associate one syllable or word with another (e.g., complete–hot, safe–green, wild–soft), encouraged the investigation of the influence of stimulus and response similarity on transfer of learning.

Paired-associate learning definition is - the learning of syllables, digits, or words in pairs (as in the study of a foreign language) so that one member of the pair evokes recall of the other.

Twenty-eight adult Ss were tested in a paired-associate learning task using the method of anticipation, each S learning four lists of eight nonsense-syllable/adjective pairs under four counterbalanced conditions.

One list was accompanied by item-specific color and flicker, another by nonitem-specific color and flicker.

Still another list was accompanied by neither color nor flicker, but S Author: John Hannon, Mary Janke, Meredith Davison. Jamison D., Lhamon D., Suppes P.

() Learning and the Structure of Information. In: Hintikka J., Suppes P. (eds) Information and Inference. Synthese Library (Monographs on Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, Philosophy of Science, Sociology of Science and of Knowledge, and on the Mathematical Methods of Social and Behavioral Sciences), vol Cited by: 2.

The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the amount of information provided by negative feedback during a paired-associate. Amount of reward and information in a twoperson game. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 18, Reward and information values of trial outcomes in pairedassociate learning.

children's paired associate learning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 6. Many examples of Markov learning models for concept identification are found in Wickens (), and Markov models for paired-associate learning are reviewed in Greeno and Bjork ().However, Markov learning models ceased to be of major theoretical importance in learning and memory in the late s, when a variety of more elaborate and detailed IP models of learning were introduced such as.

information values of trial outcomes in paired-associate learning. Cole, M., & Fantino, E. Temporal variables and trial discreteness in factors in children's paired associate learning.

Journal of Experimental Child [Review of the book S. Rubinshtejn and the philosophical foundations of Soviet psychology]. PsycCRITIQUES. When an individual chooses one item from two or more alternatives, they compare the values of the expected outcomes. The outcome value can be determined by the associated reward amount, the.

The Handbook of Academic Learning provides a comprehensive resource for educational and cognitive psychologists, as well as educators themselves, on the mechanisms and processes of academic learning. Beginning with general themes that cross subject and age level, the book discusses what motivates students to learn and how knowledge can be made.

Malthus' book, An Essay on the Principle of Population, had a strong influence on Darwin. True. In Darwin's day, the laws governing inheritance were not generally known. reward learning. Negative reinforcement is also called _____. escape-avoidance training.

paired associate learning. Learning theory, any of the proposals put forth to explain changes in behaviour produced by practice, as opposed to other factors, e.g., physiological development. A common goal in defining any psychological concept is a statement that corresponds to common usage.

Acceptance of that aim, however, entails some peril. It implicitly assumes that common language categorizes in scientifically. Learning and recalll depend on depth of processing. Different levels of processing exist from the most superficial phonological (pronunciation) level to the deep semantic level.

Deep the item is processed, the easier it is to learn and recall. The paired-associate learning procedure has been particularly useful in the study of interferences of the kind thought to be responsible for normal forgetting.

Suppose a subject learns the following pairs of words: table–bright. dozen–forest. value–camel. willow–stone. label–graze. He then learns these pairs: table–lozenge.

dozen. The probability c is independent of the trial number and the outcomes of preceding trials. The trial to trial sequence of conditioning states forms a Markov chain, with C1 being an absorbing state. The transition probabilities are given in the following matrix.

(1) P = CI Co C, 1 0 Co c 1 - c. Theses: Ghrelin activates the dopaminergic reward system in food-restricted rats (, Drs. Holahan and Abizaid) Behavioural consequences of intra-accumbens administration of a novel dopamine DNA aptamer: comparison with classical D1 and D2 dopamine receptor antagonists (, Dr.

Holahan). IMAGERY AND PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LEARNING IN PRESCHOOLERS. Carole Macklin, University of Cincinnati. ABSTRACT - An experiment was designed to test the effects of imagery on young children's learning of characters paired with products. Children in one condition, sentence-repetition, repeated a verbal elaboration to assist their remembering.

To examine the contribution of visual–verbal paired‐associate learning tasks for predicting reading; two paired‐associate learning tasks were administered: BBG (GG was adapted to be a dynamic assessment) and foreign‐language learning task: BBG was a statistically significant predictor for both word and pseudoword by: 1.

Despite research advances, it remains unclear if long-term, regular cannabis use harms cognition once intoxication has passed. Our meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between cognitive functioning and long-term (mean ≥2 years), regular (mean ≥4 days/week), recreational cannabis use in adults during abstinence (mean ≥12 hr).

We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Scopus, Cited by: 1.Paired-associate learning ability, on the other hand, is a dynamic learning measure that has been found to correlate with reading, but which has not, to date, been explored in relation to orthographic learning.

Therefore, this study aims to investigate whether paired-associate learning ability contributes to the success of orthographic learning.We report two studies examining the relations among three paired-associate learning (PAL) tasks (visual-visual, verbal-verbal, and visual-verbal), phoneme deletion, and single-word and nonword reading ability.

Correlations between the PAL tasks and reading were strongest for the visual-verbal task. Path analyses showed that both phoneme deletion and visual-verbal PAL were unique predictors of Cited by: